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Cuba its history and the best tourist places to visit

Cuba son histoire et les meilleurs endroits touristiques à visiter lors de votre prochain voyage

Cuba its history and the best tourist places to visit

A little history

The surprising and legendary history of Cuba, like its landscapes, is diverse and tumultuous. Spanish colonization, the struggle for independence, the Castro age, North American supremacy, were just as many events that had marked Cuba’s history. In addition they continue to mark it, and testify to its uniqueness. Cuba’s history and the best tourist places to visit on your next trip. Cuba its history and the best tourist places to visit.

Baptized Fernandina when Christopher Columbus discovered it, in honor of King Ferdinand, it was ultimately Cuba, the indigenous appellation that has established itself over time. It is true, however, that historians have not reached a consensus on the etymology of the name Cuba which could literally mean “fertile land”.

In 1511, the Spanish Diego Velasquez de Cuéllar arrived in Baracoa and began in the name of Spanish sovereignty to found the very first Cuban cities, thus saw the birth of cities like Santiago de Cuba, Baracoa, Trinidad … The conquistadors became the masters of Cuba, and taking advantage of their power, they set off under the authority of Diego Velasquez in search of mineral resources, such as gold.

As the island’s gold mines had emptied rapidly, the Spanish settlers turned to other resources from the 17th century onwards, such as sugar cane and tobacco crops. On another level, Cuba was also an invaluable jewel for Spain, due to its strategic geographical location on the road leading to Mexico or Peru.


The struggle for independence

Exploited, even despoiled by a Spanish and then English bourgeoisie who only wanted to get rich at their expense, the Cubans began to react, and the first winds of revolt rumbled. In 1868, Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, considered by the Cubans to be “Father of the Fatherland”, launched a rebellion that became a veritable war for independence, which lasted for ten years.

In April 1869, slavery was abolished and the rebels imposed the republic. However, this 10-year-long fight had not had the expected end result because, after a painful and merciless slaughter, Cuba is still under Spanish rule.

Then it was thirty years of merciless conflict between Spain and the United States, which ended up taking control of Cuban territory. Ironically, Cuba freed itself from Spanish holdings and fell under American authority. Cuba’s history and the best tourist places to visit on your next trip.


Castro and the Cuban Revolution

In 1953 Castro and 119 rebels attacked a barracks in Santiago de Cuba, but it was a complete failure. Castro fled the country and settled in Mexico, where he met Ernesto Che Guevara with whom he prepared plans for revolution.

In 1957, the rebels who had organized and improved their own infrastructure succeeded in overthrowing Batista and his guerrillas who had the country under their control.

In 1958 the Castro era began. Great progress marked this period such as literacy or land redistribution. However, the United States, which was hostile to the nationalization of the most important industries expropriating American companies, had decreed on February 3, 1962 a total embargo, this “el block” affected all sectors of the economy. To deal with it, Cuba turned to another ally, the USSR, with which it built new trade relations. Until 2019, the embargo is officially still in effect. Although in 2014, following an exchange of prisoners, the American president made a battery of decisions. It includes the reestablishment of diplomatic relations with Cuba, the termination of some financial restrictions.

On November 25, 2016, Faithful Castro left this world at the age of ninety.

In 2017, the current American president allowed American nationals to go on cultural organized trips to Cuba. Cuba’s history and the best tourist places to visit on your next trip.

The essentials of Cuba

Called “The Pearl of the Antilles”, Cuba attracts and seduces with the charm it offers. Endowed with a varied and eventful history, this surprising island inspires even the most recalcitrant, the most difficult thanks to a sublime decor, to a festive atmosphere.

Cuba, the Caribbean island of 110,860 km², has a population of 11.2 million. Its tropical climate is mild with a thermometer that displays 25 ° all year round.



Havana

La Havane

Havana

The capital of the island leaves no one indifferent because of this dynamism, this energy that is felt everywhere you go. By visiting Havana, you will soak up this Cuban rhythm and discover the architectural magnificence of the island which is now part of UNESCO World Heritage.

On the spot, you should definitely think of going to the district of “Habana Vieja” and strolling through the tangles of its alleys, because there, you will observe the daily life of the Cubans, and there, you will also see that life has installed in the street: music is present everywhere, and this melody with the Cuban rhythm which rises in the air, which seizes your senses, will transport you in an atmosphere which escapes time.

Havana teeming with life is also distinguished by its architecture which embodies this patchwork of styles, between baroque and neoclassicism. Like many destinations, the true face of the city is revealed in the bends of its streets, mainly when you wander through its alleys and succumb to its charms. The old town has a unique charm, unheard of, enhanced by the spectacle of old American cars plying its streets.

Typical places, such as Parque Central, Plaza de Armas, are well worth a visit. “Finca Vigia” is interesting in more ways. This former colonial villa where Ernest Hemingway “the daddy” had lived for the Cubans, retains all its magic. You couldn’t go in there, but the windows let you see real marvels. Cuba’s history and the best tourist places to visit on your next trip.



Trinidad

Trinidad

Trinidad

If you are an aficionado of Cuban fiestas with salsa, mojito, you should not miss Trinidad at any price.

Designated as “the most beautiful city” in Cuba, Trinidad is unquestionably, like the majority of colonial cities, splendid with its brightly colored buildings, its tiled roofs and its paved streets.

You will discover there the strangest means of movement. Such as car seats that were installed on an axle with wheels and that a donkey was towing.

This city-museum, part of the world heritage, offers a kaleidoscope of breathtaking landscapes to turn the heads of photo enthusiasts.

The Plaza Mayor is the pulsating heart of this Cuban city. In this place, there are green spaces and churches of exceptional design. There are also countless restaurants in the buildings surrounding the square. In this sense, this is what makes it a perfect place to base yourself in its surroundings.

The Palacio Cantero Historical Museum Tower is breathtaking panoramic views of Trinidad. Just climb up to the top of the tower via the spiral staircase. From there, you can take pictures of Trinidad and the sumptuous yellow bell tower with the mountains as background. On the ground floor, you will find many historic objects that bear witness to the city’s tumultuous history. And in addition, the visit is free! Cuba’s history and the best tourist places to visit on your next trip.


Varadero

Varadero

Varadero

It’s a very welcoming and warm little Edenic corner of Cuba. This seaside resort is renowned for its beach surrounded by lush shrubs and surprisingly fine sand.

In Varadero, activities focus on the outdoors, peaceful waters and a pleasant climate. The city is home to countless hotels with sea views, restaurants, bars.

The emerald-colored sea is hot as desired and is perfect for indulging in water sports and scuba diving. Even novices can try it out because the water is scarce and it is impeccably transparent.

And if you don’t know how to dive with bottles, you can stick to the mask and snorkel to contemplate the polychrome fish. And don’t forget, at lunch, you will be entitled to a lobster, caught in the morning and which you will certainly enjoy!

Near the ocean is the Josone public park. This is a good place when the heat is sweltering and you want to take a short hike or horseback ride.

Cuba its history and the best tourist places to visit


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Cuba its history and the best tourist places to visit
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